BSC

The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Permanent Secretariat

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Convention on the Protection of the BLack Sea Against Pollution

The Convention

The Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution [full text]

was signed in Bucharest in April 1992, and ratified by all six legislative assemblies of the Black Sea countries in the beginning of  1994. Also referred to as "Bucharest Convention", it is the basic framework of agreement and three specific Protocols, which are:
(1) the control of land-based sources of pollution;
(2) dumping of waste; and
(3) joint action in the case of accidents (such as oil spills).

the implementation of the Convention is managed by the Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (also sometimes referred to as the Istanbul Commission), and its Permanent Secretariat in Istanbul, Turkey.

Signing and ratification of the Convention for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution
Country  Signed  Ratified  Entry into force 
 Bulgaria 21-04-1992 23-02-1993  15-01-1994 
 Georgia 21-04-1992 01-09-1993  15-01-1994 
 Romania 21-04-1992 10-11-1993  15-01-1994 
 Russian Federation 21-04-1992 16-11-1993  15-01-1994 
 Turkey 21-04-1992 29-03-1994  29-03-1994 
 Ukraine 21-04-1992 14-04-1994  14-04-1994 

Basic objective of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution:

To substantiate the general obligation of the Contracting Parties to prevent, reduce and control the pollution in the Black Sea in order to protect and preserve the marine environment and to provide legal framework for co-operation and concerted actions to fulfil this obligation.

In particular: